Dr. Dror Angel

Dr. Dror Angel

Role: Academic Faculty

Department: Department of Maritime Civilizations

Tel - Inside Univ: 8130

Room: 5


Dr. Dror Angel is a researcher at the Leon Recanati Institute for Maritime Studies, and a senior lecturer in the departments of Marine Biology and Maritime Civilizations at the Charney School of Marine Science. He is a marine ecologist with interests in pelagic and benthic invertebrates, including gelatinous zooplankton (jellyfish), benthic macrofauna and protozoa; interactions between man and the marine environment (e.g. impacts of marine pollution and climate change on marine communities, marine aquaculture) and in finding practical (and sustainable) solutions to problems in the marine environment (e.g. eutrophication).


1983 BSc, School of Agriculture, Department of Soils and Water, Hebrew University in Jerusalem, Rehovoth, Israel

1987 MSc, Biology Department, The City University of New York, New York, NY, USA

1989 PhD, Biology Department, The City University of New York, New York, NY, USA


Professional Experience

Research Grants

1990 – 1993, BARD (US-Israel Bi-National Agricultural Research Development), $300,000, PIs: Amir Neori, Michael Krom (UK), Steven Ellner (USA), Claude Boyd (USA), co-PI: Dror Angel. Subject: Use of macroalgae to solve water quality problems in intensively cultured marine fishponds.

1990 – 1992, Arava Research & Development, $60,000, PI: Dror Angel. Subject: Microbial interactions and their influence on water quality in intensively managed seawater fish ponds.

1991 – 1993, GKSS (Germany/Israel), $14,000, PIs: Peter Krost (Germany), Dror Angel, Dieter Schnack (Germany). Subject: Environmental effects of net cage fish farming in the Gulf of Eilat (Aqaba)

1991 – 1994, GKSS (Germany/Israel), $225,000, PIs: Nehemia Sar, Dror Angel, Alfred Puhler (Germany). Subject: Halophila stipulacea: a nitrogen-fixing seagrass and potential source of fish food.

1991 – 1993, Israeli Ministry of Energy and Infrastructure, $9,000, PIs: Dror Angel, Amir Neori. Subject: The use of unicellular plankton as biological indicators of pollution in the Gulf of Eilat (Aqaba).

1993 – 1994, Arava Research & Development Fund, $30,000, PI: Dror Angel. Subject: Water quality and microbial dynamics in an integrated seawater fish ponds system.

1993 – 1994, Israeli Ministry of Environmental Quality, $8,000, PIs: Colin Porter, Dror Angel, Noam Mozes. Subject: The use of seaweeds to improve the environment around an intensive fish cage farm in the northern Gulf of Elat (Aqaba)

1995 - 1998, AVICENNE (Commission of the European Communities), $315,000, PIs: Dror Angel, Harald Rosenthal (Germany), Myroula Hadjichristophorou (Cyprus). Subject: Modelling benthic disturbance and recovery in warm water mariculture

1995 – 1998, BMBF (Germany/Israel), $294,000, PIs: Dror Angel, Barak Herut, Nurit Kress, Ulrich Fiedler, Dieter Adelung. Subject: Examining the use of hydrogen peroxide production rates as a tracer of anthropogenic pollution in coastal marine waters of the Mediterranean, Red and Baltic Seas.

1999 - 2001, Israeli Ministry of the Environment, $36,000, PIs: Ehud Spanier and Dror Angel. Subject: Examining the potential of artificial reefs to reduce organic enrichment caused by commercial marine net cage fish farming in the Gulf of Aqaba.

2000 – 2003, European Union, 2,100,000€, PIs: Kenny Black (U.K.), Martin Sayer (U.K.), Dror Angel, Ehud Spanier (Israel), Alenka Malej (Slovenia), Ioannis Karakassis (Crete), Helen Pickering (U.K.), Ken Collins (U.K.), Sonja Lojen (Slovenia). Subject: BIOFiltration and Aquaculture (BIOFAQs): an evaluation of hard substrate deployment performance within mariculture developments

2001 – 2002, MIT Sea Grant and WHOI Sea Grant, $15,000, PI: Dror Angel. Subject: Examining the diversity of nitrifying bacteria in recirculating aquaculture systems.

2003 – 2005, CICEET and UNH, NOAA, USA, $232,642, PI's: Hauke Kite-Powell, Dror Angel, Heidi Clark, Porter Hoagland, Di Jin. Subject: Mitigating the effects of excess nutrients in coastal waters through bivalve aquaculture and harvesting.

2004 – 2006, National Sea Grant College Program, NOAA, USA, $142,083, PI's: Daniel Cheney, Dror Angel, Ralph Elston, Jonathan Davis, Robin Downey, Carter Newell, John Richardson, Robert Rheault, Tessa Getchis. Subject: National Marine Aquaculture Initiative: Environmental and technical assessment of alternative shellfish production methods

2004 – 2007, European Union, 2,486,250€, PIs: Kenny Black (UK), Bill Silvert (Portugal), David Whitmarsh (UK), Paul Tett (UK), Teresa Fernandes (UK), Alenka Malej (Slovenia), Valentina Turk (Slovenia), Helmut Thetmeyer (Germany), Reinhold Fieler (Norway), Dror Angel, Ioannis Karakassis (Greece), Antony Hawkins (UK), Joao Ferriera (Portugal), Alice Newton (Portugal), Salvatore Porello (Italy), Paolo Tomassetti (Italy), Alain Bodoy (France), Angel Borja (Spain), Roberto Pastres (Italy), Tarzan Legovic (Croatia), Anders Stigebrandt (Sweden) Carina Erlandsson (Sweden). Subject: ECASA: Ecosystem Approach for Sustainable Aquaculture

2006 – 2010, European Union, 10,000,000€, PIs: Tom Hopkins (Italy), Dror Angel and 50 other partner institutes from 23 EU member and associated member states. Subject: SPICOSA: Science and policy integration for coastal ecosystem assessment

2006 – 2009, European Union, 899,671€, PIs: Vincenzo Zonno (Italy), Dror Angel and 25 other partners from the EU and associated states and India (INCO). Subject: AquAgris: Environmental management reform for sustainable farming, fisheries and aquaculture

2006 – 2009, Chilean Economic Development Agency, 600,400€, PIs: Francisco Cárcamo (Chile), Dror Angel, Carlos Hernández (Chile), Alejandro Chávez (Chile), Mario Maldonado (Chile), Luis Klaassen (Chile), Héctor Novoa (Chile). Subject: Development of knowledge and procedures for remediation of ecosystems affected by mariculture

2007 – 2010, NATO Science for Peace, – 270,000€, PIs: Peter Krost (Germany), Mohammad Badran (Jordan), Dror Angel. Subject: Societal security and environmental impacts concerning mariculture in the Red Sea

2008 – 2011, The German Israeli Foundation for Scientific Research and Development (GIF), 185,750€, PIs: Eran Vigoda-Gadot (Israel), Dror Angel, Horst Sterr (Germany), Peter Krost (Germany). Subject: Socio-political aspects of marine aquaculture: A comparative study of policymaking in Germany and Israel

2008 – 2010, ERA-NET/CIRCLE-MED(EU), 135,000€, PIs: Gianluca Sara (Italy), Dror Angel, Branko Glamuzina (Croatia). Subject: The impact of climate change on Mediterranean intertidal communities: losses in coastal ecosystem integrity and services

2009 – 2012, European Union; 309,600€, PIs: Maeve Kelly (UK), Yannis Kotzamanis (Greece), Céline Rebours (Norway), Dror Angel, Hui Liu (China), Philip Heath (New Zealand), Silas S.O. Hung (USA) Subject: An international research consortium for promoting and developing integrated multi-trophic aquaculture

2011 – 2014, European Union; 12,999,000€, PIs: Evangelos Papathanassiou (Greece), Dror Angel and 53 other partner institutes from EU member and associated member states. Subject: PERSEUS - Identification and impact assessment of natural and human-induced pressures on the Mediterranean and Black Seas.

2012 – 2016, European Union; 5,900,000€, PIs: Kenny Black (PI) and 15 partner institutes (co-PIs) from EU member and associated member states. Subject: IDREEM - Increasing industrial resource efficiency in European mariculture.



Peer-reviewed papers

Fuentes, V., Angel, D.L., Bayha, K.M., Atienza, D., Edelist, D., Bordehore, C. and J.E. Purcell. 2010. Blooms of the invasive ctenophore, Mnemiopsis leidyi, span the Mediterranean Sea in 2009. Hydrobiologia 645:23-37.

Wynne, M.J, Verbruggen, H., and D.L. Angel. 2009. The recognition of Caulerpaintegerrima (Zanardini) comb. et stat. nov. (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta) from the Red Sea. Phycologia 48: 291-301.

Borja, A., Germán Rodríguez, J., Black, K.D., Bodoy, A., Emblow, C., Fernandes, T.F., Forte, J., Karakassis, I., Muxika, I., Nickell, T.D., Papageorgiou, N., Pranovi, F., Sevastou, K., Tomassetti, P. and D.L. Angel. 2009. Assessing the suitability of a range of benthic indices in the evaluation of environmental impact of fin and shellfish aquaculture located in sites across Europe. Aquaculture 293: 231-240.

Tsemel, A., Spanier, E. and D.L.Angel. 2006. Benthic communities of artificial structures: effects of mariculture in the Gulf of Aqaba (Eilat) on development and bioaccumulation. Bulletin of Marine Science 78: 103–113.

Cook, E.J., Black, K.D., Sayer, M.D.J., Cromey, C.J., Angel,D.L., Spanier, E., Tsemel, A., Katz, T., Eden, N., Karakassis, I., Tsapakis, M., Apostolaki, E. and A. Malej. 2006. The influence of caged mariculture on the early development of sub-littoral fouling communities: a pan-European study. ICES Journal of Marine Science 63:637-649.

Lojen, S. Spanier, E., Tsemel, A., Katz, T., Eden, N. and D.L.Angel. 2005. d15N as a natural tracer of particulate nitrogen effluents released from marine aquaculture. Marine Biology 148:87-96.

Angel, D.L. 2004. Integrated aquaculture - variations on the theme of biofiltration. Bulletin of the Aquaculture Association of Canada 104: 20-25.

Eden, N., Katz, T. and D.L.Angel. 2003. The impact of net cage fish farms on Nassarius (Niotha) sinusigerus distribution in the Gulf of Eilat (Aqaba), Red Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series 263:139-147

Lupatsch, I., Katz, T. and D.L. Angel. 2003. Removal of fish farm effluents by grey mullets: a nutritional approach. Aquatic Living Resources 34:1367-1377

Spanier, E., Tsemel, A., Lubinevski, H., Roitemberg, A., Yurman, A., Breitstein, S., Angel, D.L., Eden, N. and T. Katz. 2003. Can open water bio-filters be used for the reduction of the environmental impact of finfish net cage aquaculture in the coastal waters of Israel? Annales Series Historia Naturalis 13: 25-28

Rinkevich, B., Angel, D.L., Shafir, S. and L. Bongiorni. 2003. ‘Fair is foul and foul is fair’: response to a critique. Marine Ecology Progress Series 261: 305–309

Bongiorni, L., Shafir, S., Angel, D.L. and B. Rinkevich. 2003. Survival, growth and reproduction of hermatypic corals subjected to in situ fish farm nutrient enrichment. Marine Ecology Progress Series 253:137–144

Angel , D.L., Eden, N., Katz, T., and E. Spanier. 2003. Mariculture-environment interactions and biofiltration in oligotrophic Red Sea waters. Annales Series Historia Naturalis 13: 33-36

Katz, T., Herut, B., Genin, A. and D.L.Angel. 2002. Grey mullets ameliorate organically-enriched sediments below a fish farm in the oligotrophic Gulf of Aqaba (Red Sea). Marine Ecology Progress Series 234:205-214

Angel , D.L., Eden, N., Breitstein, S., Yurman, A., Katz, T., and E. Spanier. 2002. In situ biofiltration: a means to limit the dispersal of effluents from marine finfish cage aquaculture. Hydrobiologia 469:1-10

Angel , D.L. and Spanier, E. 2002. An application of artificial reefs to reduce organic enrichment caused by net cage fish farming: preliminary results. ICES Journal of Marine Science 59:1-6

Angel , D.L., Verghese, S., Lee, J.J., Saleh, A.M., Zuber, D., Lindell, D. and A. Symons. 2000. Impact of a net cage fish farm on the distribution of benthic foraminifera in the northern Gulf of Eilat (Aqaba, Red Sea). Journal of Foraminiferal Research 30: 54-65

Angel , D.L., U. Fiedler, U., Eden, N., Kress, N., Adelung, D. and B. Herut. 1999. Catalase activity in macro and micro organisms as an indicator of biotic stress in coastal waters of the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Helgoland Marine Research 53: 209-218

Angel , D.L., Krost, P. and W. Silvert. 1998. Describing benthic impacts of fish farming with fuzzy sets: Theoretical background and analytic methods. Journal of Applied Icthyology 14: 1-8

Zohary, T., Brenner, S., Krom, M.D.,Angel, D.L., Kress, N., Li, W.K.W., Neori, A. and T.Z. Yacobi. 1998. Buildup of microbial biomass during deep winter mixing in a Mediterranean warm-core eddy. Marine Ecology Progress Series 167:47-57

Herut, B., Shoham-Frider, E., Kress, N., Fiedler, U. and D.L.Angel. 1998. Hydrogen peroxide production rates in clean and polluted coastal marine waters of the Mediterranean, Red and Baltic Seas. Marine Pollution Bulletin 36:994-1003

Neori, A., Krom, M.D., Ellner, S.P., Boyd, C.E., Popper, D., Rabinovitch, R., Davison, P.J., Dvir, O., Zuber, D., Ucko, M., Angel, D.L. and H. Gordin. 1996. Seaweed biofilters dependably maintain quality of recirculated water in integrated fish-seaweed culture units. Aquaculture 141: 183-199

Porter, C.P., Krost, P., Gordin, H. and D.L.Angel. 1996. Grey mullet (Mugil cephalus) as a forager of organically enriched sediments below marine fish farms. The Israel Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh 48: 47-55

Kress, N., Herut, B. and D.L. Angel. 1996. Environmental conditions of the water column in Haifa Bay, Israel, during September-October 1993. Water Science Technology 32: 57-64

Gordon, N., Angel, D.L., Neori, A., Kress, N. and B. Kimor. 1994. Heterotrophic dinoflagellates with symbiotic cyanobacteria and nitrogen limitation in the Gulf of Aqaba. Marine Ecology Progress Series 107: 83-88

Angel , D.L. 1991. Carbon flow within the colonial radiolarian microcosm. Symbiosis 10: 196-217

Spero, H.J. and D.L.Angel. 1991. Planktonic sarcodines: microhabitat for oceanic dinoflagellates. Journal of Phycology 27: 187-195

Anderson, O.R., Bennett, P., Angel, D.L. and M. Bryan. 1989. Experimental and observation studies of radiolarian physiological ecology. 2. Trophic activity and symbiont primary productivity of Spongaster tetrastetas with comparative data on predatory activity of some Nasselaridae. Marine Micropaleontology 14: 267-273



Purcell, J.E. and D.L. Angel. 2010. Jellyfish Blooms: New Problems and Solutions, Springer Publications ISBN 978-90-481-9540-4


Chapters in Books

Angel, D.L. 2011. Sustainable Marine Aquaculture in the Mediterranean. In: R. A. Meyers (ed.), Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. (in press) p 1-18.

Karakassis, I. and D.L. Angel. 2011. Aquaculture-environment interactions in the Mediterranean Sea In: Borg, J.A., Crosetti D. and Massa F. (eds). Site selection and carrying capacity in Mediterranean marine aquaculture: key issues (WGSC-SHoCMed) Studies and Reviews. General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean. No. 90 Rome, FAO. (in press) p 19-41

Karakassis, I. and D.L. Angel. 2011. Ecological monitoring of aquaculture activities. In: Borg, J.A., Crosetti D. and Massa F. (eds). Site selection and carrying capacity in Mediterranean marine aquaculture: key issues (WGSC-SHoCMed) Studies and Reviews. General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean. No. 90 Rome, FAO. (in press) p 42-51.

Angel, D.L. and S. Freeman. 2011. Interaction of aquaculture with other uses of the coastal zone. In: Borg, J.A., Crosetti D. and Massa F. (eds). Site selection and carrying capacity in Mediterranean marine aquaculture: key issues (WGSC-SHoCMed) Studies and Reviews. General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean. No. 90 Rome, FAO. (in press) p 79-88.

Freeman, S. and D.L. Angel. 2011. Economic bottlenecks. In: Borg, J.A., Crosetti D. and Massa F. (eds). Site selection and carrying capacity in Mediterranean marine aquaculture: key issues (WGSC-SHoCMed) Studies and Reviews. General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean. No. 90 Rome, FAO. (in press) p 89-99.

Angel, D.L. and S. Freeman. 2009. Integrated aquaculture (INTAQ) as a tool for an ecosystem approach to the marine farming sector in the Mediterranean Sea. In D. Soto (ed.). Integrated marine aquaculture: a global review. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper. No. 529. Rome, FAO, p. 133-183.

Spanier, E. and D.L. Angel. 2008. Benthic artificial reefs and mid-water artificial substrates in the northern Gulf of Aqaba: Biodiversity and potential environmental applications. In: F.D. Por (ed.), Aqaba-Eilat, the Improbable Gulf: Environment, Biodiversity and Preservation. Hebrew University Magnes Press, p. 281-298.

Angel, D.L., Katz, T., Eden, N., Spanier, E. and K.D. Black. 2005. Damage control in the coastal zone: improving water quality by harvesting aquaculture-derived nutrients. In: E. Levner, I. Linkov and J.M. Proth (eds), Strategic Management of Marine Ecosystems, Springer, p. 77-87.

Angel, D.L. 1998. Marine aquaculture and the marine environment in the Gulf of Aqaba: are these on a collision course, or can they co-exist? In: A. Adler, D. Baum and M. Fein (eds), The Year of the Sea, Israel Ministry of the Environment Publication, p. 217-222.



2005 – present, Marine & Coastal Pollution, B.A. & M.A. students

2005 – present, Climate Change Effects on Marine Communities, B.A. & M.A. students

2007 - Introduction to Environmental Sciences, B.A. students

2007 - Lecture Coastal Management, B.A. & M.A. students